Furniture Layout

Since furniture takes up so much of the space in the room, deciding where to place it all is one of the biggest choices to make. There are several things to bear in mind. Ideally, function should come before form. Making the layout look good is not worth it if it will also be impractical.

Therefore there should be a good balance between how the room appears and the ease with which people can move around it. When it comes to the amount of furniture, every seat should be regularly occupied. Having empty seating will be a waste of valuable space. There is no clear set of rules for furniture layouts. Experimenting is encouraged.

Colour Scheme

Picking a colour scheme will ensure that an interior looks consistent and symmetrical. It is important to remember that some colours are warm, whereas others are cold. This will determine the overall tone of the room. If multiple colours are used in the scheme it is better to restrict this to three at the most. Using a colour wheel will help designers see which ones go best together.


If the interior will be used by a family then this will impact the type of flooring and furniture. The age of the children will also need to be considered. Their safety will be a key factor in the overall room design.

Kids are often likely to make a mess at some point. The floor should therefore be made from a material that is easily cleaned. Sharp corners and choking hazards should be avoided.

The Dominant Element

In interior design the dominant element refers to the object in a room that the human eye is drawn to. When someone enters, the dominant element will be the first thing that they see. This could be a piece of furniture, a window, wall art or the television.

Smart Devices

Smart devices can be utilised to make the interior more convenient and automated. Smart lighting is able to emit many different colour shades. Users can even set timers so that the lights go on when they enter the house.


Practicality is one side of design, but the aesthetic look of the room plays an equally important role. Throughout history there have been a vast number of different styles. Before a designer does anything they should decide which of these they will go with.

They can then buy furniture, windows, paint, and/ or wallpaper that suits this style. The person should make sure that all these elements match the core theme. Otherwise it will look like a mismatch of different ideas.


Traditionally carpet has been the standard type of flooring for homes. This allows the designer to match the colour of the floor with the walls and ceiling. They are even able to commission special patterns to be printed on the fabric.

However, if there is a spillage on this type of floor then it can cause a permanent stain. Because of this, modern homes tend to favour hard floor materials. Wood, cork, vinyl and tile are popular examples.

It is up to the individual designer which material is best suited for their own project. Carpet requires more extensive cleaning. On the other hand, hard floors are not as good when it comes to aiding the insulation.